General Info

Skateboard Trucks: General Info

Without trucks, your deck won’t get you very far. Making sure your trucks fit your deck is step one. Here you can find everything you should think about when buying trucks for your board. In this case, size really does matter, as well as the differences between low, high, and mid trucks. We’ll also give you tips on how to choose the right trucks.

The size of trucks is almost always measured in the American unit of inches. One inch corresponds to the European unit of measurement of 1 Zoll, which is 2.54 cm. Some manufacturers also use millimetres (mm) to indicate the width of the trucks.


1 Inch = 2,54 cm

Skateboard Trucks: Parts

1. Skateboard Trucks: Parts

Which parts has a skateboard truck?

Typically, skateboard trucks consist of a base plate, hanger (the movable and grindable part of the truck to which your wheels are attached), the kingpin and kingpin nut which hold these two pieces together, as well as the bushings and the washers.

The protruding part on which your wheels are attached is the axle. The washers on the axle are called speed rings. They protect your bearings from rubbing against the hanger or the axle nut and also help keep them clean.

Construction Skateboard Truck

1. Kingpin Nut
2. Top Washer
3. Top Bushing
4. Axle Nuts
5. Speed Rings
6. Axle
7. Bottom Bushing
8. Kingpin
9. Base Plate

1.1 Baseplate

The base plate is the base layer, or foundation, of the truck. It’s mounted to the skateboard with 4 bolts. The kingpin and the pivot cup can be found in the base plate.

1.2 Kingpin

The kingpin is a screw that connects the hanger to the base plate. Typically, the kingpin nut is screwed into the upper end of the kingpin and is interchangeable. A hollow kingpin is a hollowed out screw, which reduces the weight of the truck.

Do you need a new kingpin? No problem! You can find replacement kingpins and kingpin nuts in the skatedeluxe Skate Shop.

1.3 Hanger

Next to the base plate, the hanger is the main component of your trucks. The bottom part of the hanger is called the pivot and sits in the pivot cup of the base plate. On the other side, the hanger is connected to the base plate with the kingpin and bushings. The hanger is the area of the trucks on which you grind.

1.4 Bushings

The bushings are the parts of the trucks that control the turning behaviour. They are made of polyurethane and are placed on the kingpin between the base plate and hanger. They are available in varying degrees of firmness and can easily be replaced with the help of a skate tool.

More About Bushings

1.5 Axle

The axle extends through the hanger, which is cast around it. It is a continuous bar made of titanium or steel. Your wheels and bearings are mounted on the visible parts of the axle. If the thread of the axel is worn out, you can use a skate tool with an axle rethreader.

1.6 Axle Nuts

Axle nuts are the nuts on the axle with which the wheels are mounted. If you’ve lost your nuts, you can find replacement axle nuts in the skatedeluxe Skate Shop!

1.7 Washer

Washers are metal discs that are placed above and below the bushings in order to bring the board back to the starting position after turning. They also ensure that the forces acting on the board are evenly distributed. Some bushings are equipped with a reinforced hard plastic layer and don’t require washers.

For a wide range of washers, check out the shop.

1.8 Speedrings

Speed rings are small washers, the same size as the core of your bearings. They are situated between the bearings and hangers as well as between the bearings and axle nuts. They prevent the bearings from rubbing against the other components.

Have you lost a few speed rings while mounting your wheels? Don’t stress! We have replacements for you.

Skateboard Trucks: Recommendations for making your selection

2. Skateboard Trucks: Recommendations for making your selection

How to choose the perfect skateboard trucks

Next to choosing the right deck, selecting the right trucks is one of the most important decisions a skater has to make. It’s not always easy, especially for beginners, to sort through all the different sizes and descriptions to find what you’re looking for.

Don’t panic though! Here you can learn what the difference is between low, mid / standard, and high trucks (for which Independent Trucks uses the cryptic abbreviations 129, 139 and 149), and how to find the best trucks for your setup.

Skateboard Trucks: Width

2.1 Skateboard Trucks: The right width

To determine the width of a skateboard truck, you measure the width of the axle (outer width) and the width of the hanger (inner width). The trucks should always fit the width of your Skateboard. It’s important that they’re not much wider than the deck because otherwise, the centre of gravity will shift to the side of the deck. This may have an effect on flip tricks and can affect the general boardfeel. If your deck is slightly wider than your trucks, it’s no problem.

Skateboard Trucks Axle Width & Hanger Width

1. Axle Width (outer width)
2. Hanger Width (inner width)
3. Hanger
4. Base Plate

Usually, skateboard trucks are described by their inner width (hanger width). Since the manufacturer’s information about truck sizes can be quite confusing, it might be best to focus on the axle width.

  • In general, we would recommend choosing a truck with an axle width that’s exactly the same width as your deck. A margin of +/- 0.125″ is totally okay. So, for a deck that is 8″ wide trucks an axle width from 7.875″ – 8.125″ are ideal.
  • A truck with an axle width margin of +/- 0.25″ would work out as well, but we wouldn’t recommend that kind of setup.
  • You can find more information about axle width and hanger width in the product descriptions of the trucks in our shop. Additionally, you can use the filters in our shop to search for different axle and hanger widths.
skateboard deck recommended truck width

Unfortunately, the sizes of skateboard trucks are not standardised. So you won’t get confused by the 129, 139 and 149 sizes from Independent Trucks or 147 and 149 sizes from Thunder Trucks, we’ve compiled an overview for you. You can use the size chart below to easily find the right size. The width measurements are usually rounded and, small variations can happen during the manufacturing process. Therefore, minor deviations are totally normal. You can also find more information about the top brands for skateboard trucks below.

Manufacturer Size Type Height Hanger Width Axle Width Suggest Deck Width
Venture 5.0 Low Low 48 mm 5.0″ (128 mm) 7.625″ (194 mm) 7.5″ – 7.75″
5.0 High High 53,5 mm 5.0″ (128 mm) 7.625″ (194 mm) 7.5″ – 7.75″
5.25 Low Low 48 mm 5.39″ (137 mm) 8″ (203 mm) 7.875″ – 8.125″
5.25 High High 53,5 mm 5.39″ (137 mm) 8″ (203 mm) 7.875″ – 8.125″
5.8 High High 53,5 mm 5.9″ (150 mm) 8.5″ (216 mm) 8.375″ – 8.625″
Independent 129 Low Low 48 mm 5.0″ (128 mm) 7.625″ (194 mm) 7.375″ – 7.75″
129 Standard High 55 mm 5.0″ (128 mm) 7.625″ (194 mm) 7.375″ – 7.75″
139 Low Low 48 mm 5.39″ (137 mm) 8″ (203 mm) 7.875″ – 8.125″
139 Standard High 55 mm 5.39″ (137 mm) 8″ (203 mm) 7.875″ – 8.125″
144 Standard High 55 mm 5.625″ (143 mm) 8.25″ (209 mm) 8.125″ – 8.375″
149 Standard High 55 mm 5.9″ (150 mm) 8.5″ (216 mm) 8.375″ – 8.625″
159 Standard High 55 mm 6.15″ (156 mm) 8.75″ (222 mm) 8.625″ – 8.875″
169 Standard High 55 mm 6.5″ (160 mm) 9.125″ (232 mm) 9″ – 9.25″
Thunder 143 Mid 50 mm 4.5″ (115 mm) 7.125″ (181 mm) 6.875″ – 7.375″
145 Low Low 47 mm 5.0″ (128 mm) 7.625″ (194 mm) 7.375″ – 7.75″
145 High Mid 50 mm 5.0″ (128 mm) 7.625″ (194 mm) 7.375″ – 7.75″
147 High Mid 50 mm 5.39″ (137 mm) 8″ (203 mm) 7.875″ – 8.125″
148 High Mid 50 mm 5.67″ (144 mm) 8.25″ (210 mm) 8.125″ – 8.375″
149 High Mid 52 mm 5.9″ (150 mm) 8.5″ (216 mm) 8.375″ – 8.625″
151 High Mid 52 mm 6.15″ (156 mm) 8.75″ (222 mm) 8.625″ – 8.875″
Royal 5.25 Standard Mid 52 mm 5.39″ (137 mm) 8″ (204 mm) 7.875″ – 8.125″
5.5 Standard Mid 52 mm 5.85″ (149 mm) 8.5″ (215 mm) 8.375″ – 8.625″
Tensor 5.0 Low Low 46 mm 5.0″ (127 mm) 7.625″ (197 mm) 7.5″ – 7.75″
5.25 Low Low 46 mm 5.25″ (133 mm) 8″ (202 mm) 7.875″ – 8.125″
5.25 Regular Mid 52 mm 5.25″ (133 mm) 8″ (202 mm) 7.875″ – 8.125″
5.5 Low Low 46 mm 5.5″ (140 mm) 8.125″ (207 mm) 8″ – 8.25″
5.5 Regular Mid 52 mm 5.5″ (140 mm) 8.125″ (207 mm) 8″ – 8.25″
5.75 Regular Mid 52 mm 5.75″ (146 mm) 8.375″ (213 mm) 8.25″ – 8.5″
6.0 Regular Mid 52 mm 6″ (152 mm) 8.625″ (219 mm) 8.5″ – 8.75″
Destructo 5.25 Low Mid 50 mm 5.25″ (133 mm) 8″ (202 mm) 7.875″ – 8.125″
5.25 Mid High 56 mm 5.25″ (133 mm) 8″ (202 mm) 7.875″ – 8.125″
Polster 4.5 Standard Mid 52 mm 4.5″ (114 mm) 7.125″ (181 mm) 6.875″ – 7.375″
5.0 Standard Mid 50 mm 5.0″ (127 mm) 7.64″ (195 mm) 7.5″ – 7.75″
5.25 Standard Mid 52 mm 5.25″ (134 mm) 7.875″ (200 mm) 7.75″ – 8.0″
5.5 Standard Mid 52 mm 5.5″ (140 mm) 8.125″ (206 mm) 8.0″ – 8.25″
5.85 Standard Mid 52 mm 5.9″ (150 mm) 8.5″ (216 mm) 8.375″ – 8.625″
Silver 8.0 Low 49 mm 5.39″ (137 mm) 8.0″ (203 mm) 7.875″ – 8.125″
Element 5.0 Low 48 mm 5.0″ (127 mm) 7.625″ (195 mm) 7.5″ – 7.75″
5.50 Mid 52 mm 5.5″ (139 mm) 8.125″ (207 mm) 8.0″ – 8.25″
Paris 108 High 58 mm 4.25″ (108 mm) 7″ (176 mm) 6.625″ – 7.375″
169 High 58 mm 6.65″ (169 mm) 9.33″ (237 mm) 9″ – 9.75″
Skateboard Trucks: Height

2.2 Skateboard Trucks – The right height: Low, Mid/Standard, or High?

The difference between high, mid /standard and low skateboard trucks is seemingly negligible. As it so often happens, however, the finer details are crucial. It all boils down to your own personal preferences and most importantly, the size of the wheels. Unfortunately, there is no industry standard for the exact height of the various size labels that truck manufacturers use. That means trucks from different manufacturers that are labelled as “high” aren’t necessarily the same height. Therefore, we at skatedeluxe have made our own categories, so you can stay on top of things.

Hint: In the skatedeluxe Skate Shop, you can easily filter through the various truck heights.

Low Trucks | 46-49 mm

Low trucks are, as the name implies, “low.” Because of this, the deck is closer to the ground, making the handling of your deck more stable. In addition to that, low trucks are lighter. However, the risk of wheel bites is relatively high, especially on softer surfaces and unclean landings. Therefore, you should use small wheels (50 mm or 51 mm) on low trucks or use shock or riser pads to largely avoid wheel bites.

  Low Trucks in the Shop

Mid Trucks | 50-53 mm

Mid or standard trucks are basically a compromise between low and high trucks and are therefore ideally suited for all-around skateboarding and for anyone who cannot decide. Skateboard wheels between 52 mm and 56 mm are a good fit for mid/standard trucks.

  Mid/Standard Trucks in the Shop

High Trucks | 53.5-58 mm

High trucks are -you guessed it!- “high.” Meaning you stand slightly higher above the ground. The board has a steeper incline when popping, allowing you to (theoretically) ollie higher. The risk of wheel bites is also minimised. On the other hand, high trucks are heavier and the board can be somewhat unstable due to the steeper angle of the trucks when turning. High trucks are suitable for all wheels. Although to be safe, you should install shock or riser pads for larger wheels (57mm – 59mm).

  High Trucks in the Shop

Truck height is measured from the baseplate to the middle of the axle. This measurement equals the distance between the truck and your deck and tells you how high above the ground your board will be. In addition to the width of all trucks, the table in paragraph 2.1 also contains the height of the trucks you’ll find in our shop.

skateboard truck recommended wheel size

1. Truck Height
2. Wheel Size

P.S. Should you want to try larger wheels, you can do so without having to directly buy new trucks as well. Simply mount shock or riser pads to your board. Keep in mind though, that you’ll probably need a new bolt pack as well.

Skateboard Trucks: Steering Adjustment, Problem Solving & Helpful Hints

3. Skateboard Trucks: Steering Adjustment, Problem Solving & Helpful Hints


3.1 Adjusting your steering

To make your board turn easier or harder, you can tighten or loosen the kingpin. The best way to do this is by using a skate tool. Make sure not to over-tighten the kingpin, otherwise you’ll destroy the bushings. You also shouldn’t skate with your trucks too loose, because the board will become unstable and increase your risk of wheel bites.

You can also experiment with bushings to alter the turning behaviour. Bushings are available in three different degrees of hardness, which can be categorized as hard, medium, and soft. Tapered or conical bushings (so-called Cone Bushings) make the trucks more responsive, where as flat bushings (so-called Barrel Bushings) make the trucks less responsive.


3.2 Skate Tools

Of course you could rummage through daddy’s tool chest in search of suitable tools to adjust your trucks, but why the stress, when you can have everything you need in a single skate tool?

A skate tool is part of the standard equipment every skater should have. It has everything you need, from the key for your kingpin nut, to a Phillips head screw driver and Allen wrench for the screws in your bolt pack.

In the event that the thread on your axles is worn down, you can find skateboard tools with an axle rethreader in the skatedeluxe online Skate Shop.

In the case that you prefer to rifle through the family tool box, here’s what you’ll need:

• 3/8 “Allen wrench for the nuts in your bolt pack
• 9/16 “Allen wrench for the kingpin nuts
• 1/2 “Allen wrench for the axle nuts
• 1/8 “Allen wrench and Phillips screwdriver
• Axle rethreader (optional)

Skate Tools in our Shop  
Skate Tool Skateboard

3.3 Skate Wax

The great thing about skate wax is that with the right amount of wax, you can grind just about anything! Even the roughest street spots will be available for your grinding enjoyment! Skate wax is slightly oilier than conventional candle wax and is ideal for grinding because it makes surfaces perfectly slippery.

Skate Wax in the Shop  
Skateboard Skate Wax

3.4 Wobbly skateboard?

Problem: Your skateboard wobbles even when you’re on a level surface because not all of your wheels touch the ground?

Solution: There’s a good chance that the bushings are just not set. Adjust your steering to be a little looser, cruise through your hood for a while, and the problem should solve itself. Try to go around as many curves as possible, so that the bushings shift and settle properly into the trucks. Also, make sure to check whether the bushings are in constant contact with the base plate and washers.


3.5 Squeaky Trucks / Bushings?

Problem: Your trucks or bushings squeak and make strange noises when you skate?

Solution: Yes, the squeaking is annoying, but it’s in no way serious. Nevertheless, you can fix it. Normally it has nothing to do with the bushings, but rather the pivot cup bushings. This small piece of rubber sits in the pivot cups of some trucks, i.e. where the hanger sits in the base plate. You can simply lubricate the pivot cup bushings, which should eliminate the squeak. And just to be certain, you can go ahead and grease the regular bushings as well.

Silicon-based lubricants are best suited for plastics, but you can also try a chemical-free soap or Vaseline. Moistening the bushings with water is not particularly effective, and only lasts a short while. You should stay away from other things like normal lubricating oil or grease, and WD 40, because at some point, they can be damaging to plastic.

Questions & More

Still Have Questions?

If you have any further questions or suggestions, you can leave a comment under this post, send us an email through our contact form, or ask our customer service team for advice in choosing the optimal trucks.

You can find other interesting information on skateboard decks, wheels, bearings, bolts and more in the skatedeluxe Skateboard Wiki. To ensure that the deck, trucks, and wheels, as well as the bearings and screws fit together, we have created the skatedeluxe Skateboard Configurator. This allows you to easily display your individual selections and create a completely customised skateboard in six simple steps.

Below you can find an overview of the top brands in the skateboard trucks business. Have fun skating!

Additional interesting pages and links:

  Skateboard Trucks in the skatedeluxe Skate Shop   to the skatedeluxe Skateboard Configurator  
Brandk Knowledge

4. Skateboard Trucks: Brand Knowledge

Everything you need to know about the top brands in the world of trucks!

Next to Independent, Venture Trucks are the most beloved skateboard trucks in the world, and dominate a large share of the European market. Particularly remarkable about Venture Trucks is the high level of workmanship that goes into crafting trucks that are extremely robust with a comparatively low weight. Besides that, Venture stands out with their wide variety of different colours.

Venture Trucks in the Shop

Independent Trucks (commonly referred to as Indys) from Santa Cruz, California are the epitome of skateboard trucks. Since the release of the Stage 1 model in 1978 when they bumped Bennett Trucks and Tracker Trucks from their ranks, the guys at Independent have been at the top of their game, and won’t easily give up that spot. Their trucks are all true classics and are characterised by their great turning response and extremely long shelf life. Destroying a truck from Independent is no easy feat, but if you somehow manage to do so, they offer a lifetime warranty against defects in materials and the manufacturing process.

Independent Trucks in the Shop

For quite some time now, Thunder Trucks have worked their way out of the “underdog” roll they had back in the 80’s and are now considered one of the big dogs in the skateboard truck business. In addition to their eye-catching designs, Thunder Trucks shine with a wide range of products and extremely lightweight trucks that the legendary Jamie Thomas swears by.

Thunder Trucks in the Shop

Royal Trucks is an emerging skateboard truck company from California. Although a relatively young brand (first entering the world in 1997), you can rely on the vast experience of Guy Mariano, Rudy Johnson, Eric Koston and many more. The trucks are outfitted with excellent turning performance, high quality and plenty of style.

Royal Trucks in the Shop

Tensor Trucks is indisputably the most innovative company in the world of skateboard trucks, which is not surprising considering that the company was founded in 2000 by the legendary Rodney Mullen. Tensor constructs their trucks out of magnesium, which makes them 25% lighter than all other trucks on average. In addition to that (with the exception of the Response series), special base plates made of sturdy plastic are used to increase the sliding properties of the trucks. The bushings in Tensor trucks are also interconnected, providing additional stability. In order to prevent the trucks from rotating on the board, four small teeth are mounted on each base plate that firmly hold the truck in place.

Tensor Trucks in the Shop

Destructo Trucks is now one of the top truck brands in the world. For the production of their trucks, this company from Costa Mesa, California, uses a special type of aluminium, which is also utilised in the arms industry. This makes the trucks lighter, more stable and more durable in comparison to other brands. Almost all Destructo trucks have a downwardly offset kingpin, which prevents the hanger from wearing away when grinding. Newer Destructo models are also equipped with a hollow kingpin, further reducing the weight of the trucks.

Destructo Trucks in the Shop

Polster is a young, aspiring company, specialising entirely in producing skateboard trucks. Since Polster Trucks first hit the market in 2007, founders Michael Neuss and Christian Roth of Mob Skateboards (et al) have been on the pursuit of creating the perfect trucks. True to their motto “trucks by skaters for skaters” Polster offers the best quality and features at a reasonable price. As a German company, Polster especially supports the German scene and backs local skateboarders. Polster Standard Trucks are available in various models and sizes, allowing them to deliver a high quality product to the skating community, scoring points in performance, durability and strength.

Polster Trucks in the Shop

Established in 2003 and inspired by then-team member Rob Dyrdek, it has been the goal of Silver Trucks, to fill a void in the world of skating: innovative skateboard trucks, specially designed for modern, technical skating – constructed to withstand even the toughest conditions! In order to achieve these goals, Silver developed the M-Class Hollow models as well as the L-Class trucks. The Silver L-Class models are low profile trucks that have been designed for better turns and ultimate control. In contrast, the Silver M-Class Hollow trucks are built higher and provide optimized steering and an unmistakeable form, making the trucks truly unique.

Silver Trucks in the Shop